Rhomb Tiles

Preview Ammann-Beenker
Ammann-Beenker

In 1977 R. Ammann found several sets of aperiodic tiles. This one (his set A5) is certainly the best-known of those. It allows tilings with perfect 8fold symmetry. The substitution factor is $1+\sqrt{2}$ - sometimes called the ‘silver mean’ - which was the first irrational inflation factor known which is not related to the golden mean. In 1982 F. Beenker described their algebraic properties, essentially how to obtain it by the projection method, following the lines of N.

With Decoration Finite Rotations Polytopal Windowed Tiling Canonical Substitution Tiling Rhomb Tiles Mld Class Ammann

Preview Binary
Binary

In [Lan88], energetic properties of certain decorations of Penrose Rhomb tilings were studied. A binary tiling was defined as a tiling by Penrose rhombs, where at each vertex all angles are either in {$\frac{\pi}{5}$, $3\frac{\pi}{5}$}, or in {$2\frac{\pi}{5}$, $4\frac{\pi}{5}$}. (‘Binary’ because the decorations were used to model binary alloys, i.e., alloys consisiting of two metallic elements). The authors did not mention the substitution rule explicitly, but it is obvious from the diagrams in this paper.

Finite Rotations Polytopal Tiles Parallelogramm Tiles Rhomb Tiles

Preview Example of Canonical 3
Example of Canonical 3

In his PhD thesis, E. Harriss classified all substitution tilings which are canonical projection tilings. Here one example is shown, derived from the cut and project scheme of the Ammann-Beenker tilings.

Finite Rotations Euclidean Windowed Tiling Polytopal Windowed Tiling Canonical Substitution Tiling Polytopal Tiles Parallelogram Tiles Rhomb Tiles

Preview Fibonacci Times Fibonacci
Fibonacci Times Fibonacci

The 2dim analogue of the famous Fibonacci tiling in one dimension. It is just the Cartesian product of two Fibonacci tilings $F_{1}$, $ F_{2} : \{ T_{1} \times T_{2}\ |\ T_{i}\ in\ F_{i}\}$. Obviously, it can be generated by a substitution with three prototiles. It shares a lot of nice features with the 1dim Fibonacci tiling: It is a model set (better: it’s mld with one), so it has pure point spectrum.

Finite Rotations Euclidean Windowed Tiling Polytopal Windowed Tiling Polytopal Tiles Parallelogram Tiles Rhomb Tiles Self Similar Substitution

Preview Fibonacci Times Fibonacci (variant)
Fibonacci Times Fibonacci (variant)

A simple variant of Fibonacci times Fibonacci, the latter arising from the one-dimensional Fibonacci tiling.

Finite Rotations Polytopal Tiles Parallelogram Tiles Rhomb Tiles Self Similar Substitution

Preview Goodman-Strauss 7-fold rhomb
Goodman-Strauss 7-fold rhomb

Whereas it is simple to generate rhomb tilings with n-fold symmetry by the cut and project method, it can be hard to find a substitution rule for such tilings. Here we see a rule for n=7. This one was later generalized by E. Harriss to arbitrary n.

Finite Rotations Canonical Substitution Tiling Polytopal Tiles Parallelogram Tiles Rhomb Tiles Harrisss Rhomb

Preview Harriss's 9-fold rhomb
Harriss's 9-fold rhomb

Finite Rotations Polytopal Tiles Parallelogram Tiles Rhomb Tiles Harrisss Rhomb

Preview Kenyon's non FLC
Kenyon's non FLC

A simple substitution, yielding a tiling which is not of finite local complexity (flc). The substitution maps the single prototile, a unit square, to three columns of three squares each, where the third column is shifted by an irrational amount t. In higher iterates of the substitution, there are neighboured squares shifted against each other by t, 3t+t, 9t+3t+t,… mod 1. Since t is irrational, these sequence contains infinitely many values (mod 1), thus there are infinitely many pairwise incongruent pairs of tiles.

Polytopal Tiles Parallelogram Tiles Rhomb Tiles

Preview Lord
Lord

A substitution tiling with inflation factor sqrt(3), using a single prototile, namely a 60ยบ rhomb. The substitution sends one rhomb to seven rhombs (instead of three, as one would expect from the inflation factor), thus the tiles in higher iterations do overlap. But the substitution is chosen in a way such that tiles do either overlap completely, or not at all. So overlapping tiles can be identified, and the substitution yields a proper tiling.

Finite Rotations P Adic Windowed Tiling Polytopal Tiles Parallelogram Tiles Rhomb Tiles

Preview Penrose Rhomb
Penrose Rhomb

Certainly the most popular substitution tilings. Discovered in 1973 and 1974 by R. Penrose in - at least - three versions (Rhomb, Penrose kite-dart and Penrose Pentagon boat star), all of them forcing nonperiodic tilings by matching rules. It turns out that the three versions are strongly related: All three generate the same mld-class. These tiles, their matching rules and the corresponding substitution was studied thoroughly in [GS87] . A lot of information can be found there.

Without Decoration Finite Rotations Polytopal Windowed Tiling Canonical Substitution Tiling Rhomb Tiles Mld Class Penrose

Preview Semi-detached House Squared
Semi-detached House Squared

This one is mld to the semi-detached house tiling. A view at the latter (hopefully) explains the name. This version was realized in order to prove (or disprove) that the semi detached house tiling is a cut and project tiling with p-adic internal space. This is not the case, as was shown in [FS].

Finite Rotations Polytopal Tiles Parallelogram Tiles Rhomb Tiles Self Similar Substitution

Preview Square Chair
Square Chair

MLD to the more popular chair tiling, this version allows a simple translation into a coloured lattice: Replace each square of type i (1,2,3, or 4) with its midpoint, and assign to it colour i. Then each set of all points of colour i is a model set with internal p-adic space with p=2. This was first shown in [BMS98], a general framework is given in [LMS03].

With Decoration Finite Rotations P Adic Windowed Tiling Polytopal Tiles Self Similar Substitution Parallelogram Tiles Rhomb Tiles Mld Class Chair

Preview Watanabe Ito Soma 8-fold
Watanabe Ito Soma 8-fold

This tiling was originally introduced in [WSI87] , however the description given there admits several substitution rules. This is the version given explicitly in [WSI95] . This is an example of a cut and project with a mixed internal space, a product of Euclidean and $p$-adic spaces, namely $\mathbb{R}^2 \times \mathbb{Q}_2$.

Finite Rotations Model Set Rhomb Tiles